同声传译的方法有什么?

作者:管理员发布时间:2021-12-29 17:45:01浏览次数:53

  很多进行同声传译的译员都会提前做好准备,在翻译的时候运用一些方法可以使工作做得更好,下面上海臻云翻译公司给大家分享同声传译的方法有什么?

  Many interpreters who perform simultaneous interpretation will make preparations in advance and use some methods to make their work better. What are the methods of simultaneous interpretation shared by Shanghai Zhenyun translation company?

  1、弥补法
  1. Compensation method

  在进行同声传译的过程中,有一个经常使用到的技巧就是弥补法,中文更加注重的是意合,而英语注重的是形合,这两个不同的要点就要求翻译者在进行传译的时候需要自己往里面弥补一些信息。

  In the process of simultaneous interpretation, one of the skills often used is the compensation method. Chinese pays more attention to parataxis, while English pays more attention to hypotaxis. These two different points require translators to make up for some information when interpreting.

  2、重复法

  2. Repetition method

  英语的各个句子在衔接的时候使用的都是衔接词,所以句子通常来说都是比较长的,就有更强的包括性、逻辑性,语句一层套一层。如果我们在翻译的时候如果完全的按照专业英语翻译长句的顺序来进行翻译的话是不可行的,因为这样就会出现一些定语或者是状语特别长的句子。

  English sentences use cohesive words when they are connected, so sentences are usually longer, more inclusive and logical, and sentences are set one layer after another. If we translate according to the order of professional English translation of long sentences, it is not feasible, because there will be some sentences with extremely long attributives or adverbials.

  因为汉语重意合,所有没有那么多用来衔接的词语,而且汉语的短句会比英语更多,更加的简洁,比英语更耐重复,因此在进行同声翻译的时候重复法是一个经常使用的技巧。

  Because Chinese emphasizes parataxis, there are not so many words used for cohesion, and Chinese short sentences will be more concise and more repeatable than English. Therefore, repetition is a frequently used skill in simultaneous translation.

 3、顺句驱动法

  3. Sentence driven method

  在同传翻译的时候,翻译者没有办法像其他形式的翻译者那样可以进行回忆或笔记来帮助自己翻译出一个完好的语句,同声传译在听到发言者说的话之后就需要马上开口翻译,同时在翻译的过程中还需要回忆清楚说话人的语句,因此如果无法做到马上翻译说话者的内容话就对接下来的记忆造成很大的压力。

  In simultaneous interpreting, translators can not help themselves to translate a good sentence like other translators, and simultaneous interpreting requires immediate translation when they hear what the speaker says, and at the same time, they need to recall clearly the speaker's statements in the process of translation. Therefore, if the speaker's content cannot be translated immediately, it will cause great pressure on the next memory.

  顺句驱动法就可以很好的解决这个问题,它要求我们在进行同传过程翻译的时候需要按照自己原先听到的句子的次序,把整个语句切成信息单位,然后在使用合适的衔接词把这些信息单位很好的连接出来,最终翻译出整体的内容。

  We can solve this problem well by using the sentence driven method. It requires us to translate the whole sentence into information units in the process of simultaneous interpreting, and then connect them well with the appropriate linking words, and finally translate the whole content.

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